UGC Sponsored Minor Project

 

Topic : Adolescents in the new era: A perspective from mothers
UGC Approval No. and Date :
Amount Sanctioned : Rs. 60000/-
Date of Completion :
Principal Investigator : Dr.Sindhya V.

 

Summary of the report

The present study is intended to analyse the extent of stress among adolescents and the consequent impact on parents in the present scenario. The study also intends to provide training to selected adolescents in order to assess the impact of the training in stress management among the adolescents. The investigator selected some schools in Thiruvananthapuram district for selecting the sample of 300 adolescents. 100 parents were also selected for this purpose and due importance was given to include various categories like rural, urban, male, female, educated and uneducated.

Objectives of the Study

  1. To analyse the extent of stress among adolescents.
  2. To assess the extent of stress among parents of adolescents.
  3. To provide stress management classes for adolescents.
  4. To analyse the effectiveness of the classes for stress management of the respondents.
  5. To compare the stress management of the respondents based on the gender, locality and socio economic status.
  6. To compare the stress level of the parents based on the gender, locality, socio economic status and education.
  7. To asses the extent of benefit of the classes given to adolescents in stress management.

Methodology in Brief
The method adopted for the study was survey cum experimental design.The sample comprised of 300 higher secondary students and 100 parents from Thiruvananthapuram district.Of this, 150 higher secondary students were taken as the control group and the remaining 150 respondents were selected as the experimental group.Stress management training was provided to the experimental group with a view to enhance their stress management skills and sensitise them on better life practices.The tools used for the study were:

  1. Questionnaire to analyse the extent of stress among adolescents
  2. Questionnaire to analyse the extent of stress among parents of adolescents
  3. Rating scale to assess the quality of stress management programme
  4. Observation checklist to measure the impact of training

The effectiveness of the classes was assessed using the technique of Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA).

Results

One of the major contributions of the study is the analysis of parental stress in dealing with adolescent problems and how the adolescent children can be more manageable not only to parents but the teachers and students themselves also. The study found that mothers are experiencing more problems especially in the present context of wide spread use of electronic and communication media like mobiles and internet. Most of the parents are worried about their children regarding the safety and security especially with their daughters. Media reports also highlight the severe threats that have been faced by this category of students. The stress management classes provided to students was highly effective for respondents in the experimental group which is evident from the report of parents observation schedule.It was found from the study that there is significant difference in the initial stress management skills of the respondents in the control group based on gender, socio economic status and locality and high stress is those who are female, high socio economic status and urban groups.The final stress management skills of the respondents in the control group has increased due to the contamination effect occurred with their interaction with the experimental group.

But in the case of the experimental group, the initial stress level was higher for female, urban and high SES group as there was significant difference in their pre-test scores. But after the administration of the lecture cum training classes, the post-test scores showed no significant difference based on socio economic status, locality and gender. This clearly indicates that the learning package was not only effective, but was also instrumental in enhancing the coping skills of the respondents. So, the present study emphasizes the role of developing skills in managing stress through continuous training programme in addition to the curricular programmes and the support and guidance of psychologists and counsellors should be sought in schools,

The parents have revealed that many of them are often frustrated with the adolescent behaviour and excessive use of mobile and internet which often resulted in conflicts between parents and adolescents. This is a serious condition in family relationships and quite often many mothers are victims of violent behaviour of their children. The stress is comparatively less in uneducated parents and rural area which may be due to the ignorance of parents and also the joint family systems in many of the rural families. The teachers often complain about the lack of interest of the parents of rural area in meeting and caring the needs and behaviour of their children as in the case of educated and urban parents because many of the rural uneducated parents are more concerned with financial problems for their daily bread.

The above findings clearly lead to the conclusion that a continuous, well-planned system of awareness creation and monitoring of the results is needed in order to achieve the targeted results. This also reiterates the importance of active participation of students, parents and teachers in achieving the goals proper life skills education and management. The parents must also be made aware of the kinds of stress that are experienced by their children due to the overall developmental needs and changes in the most critical period of ones life.The parental support is the crucial element and a proper value and cultural orientation is essential for realising the pros and cones of every situation that the children would come across in their adolescent years.

The teachers are said to be the second parents and observations and criticisms about the students must be well informed to the parents and students and proper support must be given for making every student self sufficient in managing his/her problems and stress.

To conclude, it can be said that through proper training and continuous and sincere monitoring, the adolescents in the new era can be sensitised on the benefits of stress management, maintaining healthy relationship and life skills development. A highly systematic intervention on a large scale is required for achieving the required results. It is to be remembered here that mere rhetoric will not take us anywhere near our goals. Many studies have exposed the nature and extent of adolescent problems and their subsequent results in their personal and academic life and the present study is also an eye opener towards the serious and more aggressive issues and challenges that may confront us in the near future and the remedies to be adopted to control to at least to some extent.Many of the problems of the present day world are due to the improper management of human resources and particularly that of adolescents and youth. By visualising a more empowered teens through better life skills education and self management training from the beginning onwards, we can dream for a safe and prosperous future which can only be possible through the combined effort of parents, teachers and students.

Suggestions for further research

The following suggestions are put forward by the investigators for future researchers in the area under study:

  1. A study can be conducted in other parts of Kerala State
  2. A comparative study of the effectiveness of the stress management among different categories within the higher strata of society.
  3. A study on the extent of stress among teachers can also be conducted.